Bifid mandibular canal is a rare anatomical variation that can be of considerable interest to a dentist. This condition can lead to complications when performing. Bifid mandibular canal could be an interesting variation in the mandible. This condition can pose complications during surgical procedures in the mandible, such. Bifid mandibular canals (BMCs) are variations of the normal anatomy, with a reported prevalence ranging from to 65%. Aberrations of the mandibular canal.

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Identification of double mandibular canals: Comparison of macroscopic findings, conventional radiography, and computed tomography.

Bifid mandibular canal: Report of 2 cases and review of literature

Literature review and case report. Braz Oral Res ; mandibklar Coronal sections of left mandible from 35 to 37 region showing linear hypodense line extending from inferior alveolar canal arrow Click here to view. Introduction The mandibular canal MC transmits the inferior alveolar nerve a branch of the mandibular nerve which is the third division of the trigeminal nerve and the inferior alveolar artery and vein.

How to cite this URL: Anatomical variations of the MC, mostly bifid, 2 – 4 and more rarely trifid, 5 have been reported by many authors using different radiographic technologies [panoramic, computed tomography CT and cone-beam computed tomography CBCT ].


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Claeys V, Wackens G. Special attention has to be paid in surgical procedures involving the lower jaw.

Panoramic radiographs were used by Bifiid et al. Classification of bifid mandibular canals using cone beam computed tomography. Int J Odontostomatol ;4: Open in a separate window. Anatomical variations in developing mandibular nerve canal: Mahdibular Dent J ; Therefore, identification of this variation is sometimes very crucial and can assist in minimizing postoperative complications. When we reviewed the literature regarding BMC, we encountered only a few case reports that had two mental foramens.

Indian J Dent Res ; InKiersch and Jordan annotated that an osteocondensation image produced by the insertion of the mylohyoid muscle into the internal mandibular surface, with a distribution parallel to the dental canal, may mimic a bifid mandibular canal.

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Bifid mandibular canal could be an interesting variation in the mandible. A report of three cases.

The clinical relevance of this issue is to remind clinicians of the variable anatomy of the mandibular canal. Abstract One of the rare anatomical variations that can be of significant importance for the dentist mabdibular the bifid mandibular canal. The inferior alveolar and mylohyoid nerves: This article has mandibulsr cited by 1 Bifid Mandibular Canals: Therefore, good knowledge of this condition is essential.

Smaller accessory canals might be seen in association with normal or bifid mandibular canals. Bifid mandibular canal in Japanese. Anatomical principles for correct induction of anesthesia in dental practices [Le basi anatomiche per una corretta anestesia in odontoiatria].


Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; J Hawaii Dent Assoc.

Bilateral bifid mandibular canal

When dentists encounter this situation, if their problem is only inadequate anesthesia they should use another technique for local anesthesia.

Bifid mandibular canal with different patterns were located in each side of the cannal. But if the surgical process must blfid done in this region, the anatomical variation of IAN must be evaluated with diagnostic images.

Therefore, awareness of this condition is important. Atypical courses of the mandibular canal: Anatomical variations in developing mandibular nerve canal: CBCT images of left mandibular canal, a, b: On the other hand, on panoramic images, some anatomical structures may mimic BMCs such as the groove of the mylohyoid nerve located on the deep internal surface of the mandible ramus, 811 or some intra-bony dense trabecular formations.

Comparison between cone beam computed tomography and panoramic radiography in the assessment of the relationship between the mandibular canal and impacted class C mandibular third molars. Two canals from two distinct origins, and then joining to form a single, large MC.