Double-loop learning is an educational concept and process that involves created by Chris Argyris, a leading organizational trainer, in the mid’s, and. This article explains single loop learning and double loop learning, developed by Chris Argyris and Donald Schön in a practical way. After reading you will. Argyris () proposes double loop learning theory which pertains to learning to change underlying values and assumptions. The focus of the.

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The ability, demonstrated here, to engage with others, to make links with the general and the particular, and to explore basic orientations and values is just what Argyris talks about when exploring the sorts of behaviours and beliefs that are necessary if organizations are to learn and develop.

To fully appreciate theory-in-use we require a model of the processes involved. We may have become bored and tired by the paper work or meeting and felt that a quick trip out to an apparently difficult situation would bring welcome relief.

This research resulted in the books Personality and Organization and Integrating the Individual and the Organization However, the theory that actually governs his actions is this theory-in-use.

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Double Loop Learning (C. Argyris) –

The argris theory, supported by years of empirical research, is that the reasoning processes employed by individuals in organizations learnin the exchange of relevant information in ways that make double-loop learning difficult — and all but impossible in situations in which much is at stake.

At this stage, levels 1 and 2 are combined with the aim of improving awareness and learning. In this kind of learning organizations, individuals or groups should reflect on how they think about rules and not only think that rules should be changed.

argyrjs Unlike single loops, this model includes a shift in understanding, from simple and static to broader and more dynamic, such as taking into account the changes in the surroundings and the need for expression changes in mental models.


It is sufficient to readjust the theory through double-loop learning. You have entered an incorrect email address!

Single and double loop learning

Chris Argyris — Page from the Monitor Group where Argyris is a director with links to some of his publications. Are they in bed? Any action is likely to impact upon a number of such variables — thus any situation can trigger a trade-off among governing variables.

An organization is like an organism each of whose cells contains a particular, partial, changing image if itself in relation to the whole. This creates a dilemma as these are the very organizational situations in which double-loop learning is most needed.

Sooner or later, you should be able to find answers to these questions from this blog:. Artistry, choice and leadershipSan Francisco: In double loop learning, assumptions underlying current views are questioned and hypotheses about behavior tested publically. By using only single-loop learning we end up making only small fixes and adjustments.

When the error detected and corrected permits the organization to carry on its present policies or achieve its presents objectives, then that error-and-correction process is single-loop learning. This said, the theorizing of theory-in-action, the educative power of the models, and the conceptualization of organizational learning have been, and continue to be, significant contributions to our appreciation of processes in organizations.

Double-loop learning is used when it is necessary to change the mental model on which a decision depends. Here we examine some key aspects of his thinking.

Chris Argyris: theories of action, double-loop learning and organizational learning

As Edmondson and Moingeon It is only by interrogating and changing the governing values, the argument goes, is it possible to produce new action strategies that can address changing circumstances. While they are not being asked to relinquish control altogether, they do need to share that control. This gulf is no bad thing. In this case a mismatch is turned into a match.

Mintzberg Managerial Roles December 29, And i n addition to these, hopefully some good case-examples, pictures, videos and etc. In many respects the distinction at work here is the one used by Aristotlewhen exploringtechnical andpractical thought. Making this distinction allows us to ask questions about the extent to which behaviour fits espoused theory; and whether inner feelings become expressed in actions. Frameworks are abandoned and unconventional, paradoxical solutions are sought.


Chris Argyris has made a significant contribution to the development of our appreciation of organizational learning, and, almost in passing, deepened our understanding of experiential learning. He has also developed this thinking in Overcoming Organizational DefensesKnowledge for Action As well as making a significant contribution to the literature Chris Argyris was known as a dedicated and committed teacher.

Whereas in double-loop learning we also correct or change the underlying causes behind the problematic action.

This is a very significant development and has important implications for educators. Double-loop learning entails the modification of goals or decision-making rules in the light of experience. Instead, it is the individuals who act as agents of organizations and produce the behavior that lead to learning. The picture is always incomplete — and people, thus, are continually working to add pieces and to get a view of the whole.

chrris Through inquiry and confrontation the interventionists work with clients to develop a map for which clients can accept responsibility.

These two topics will be discussed later on this blog. This involves the way they plan, implement and review their actions. After that we need honesty or candor to recognize mistakes and discuss with aggyris people to find out and establish root-causes. But provided the two remain connected then the gap creates a dynamic for reflection and for dialogue. The theories-in-use are shaped by an implicit disposition to winning and to avoid embarrassment.

Here we come to the focus of organizational effort — the formulation and implementation of an intervention strategy.