Classification of. Retaining walls. • Gravity wall-Masonry or Plain concrete. • Cantilever retaining wall-RCC. (Inverted T and L). • Counterfort retaining wall- RCC. Types of reinforced concrete retaining walls are cantilever retaining walls and counterfort retaining walls. Functions and parts of these retaining walls. In this type of retaining wall, counterforts (cantilevers) are provided on the earth side between wall and footing to support the wall, which essentially spans as a.

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The horizontal component of all lateral couhterfort tends to slide the wall along its base. Cantilever Retaining Walls Retaining walls are structures constructed for the purpose of retaining earth or other materials like coal, ore, water etc. Wall with backfill levelled and subjected to uniform surcharge: When the height of the retaining wall to be provided exceeds 6 to 7m, counterfort retaining wall prove to be economical. You are currently using guest access Log in.

The pressure thus developed is termed as soil earth pressure. Due to buoyancy the weight of submerged soil will be less and its repose will also be much less. However suitable value of toe projection can be obtained from the relationship. The inclined fill is also known vounterfort surcharge. Wall retaining cointerfort and levelled backfill. The wall is so proportioned that the dead weight of the wall provides required stability against the thrust exerted by the backfill including surcharge if any.

Counterfort Retaining Walls When the height of the retaining wall to be provided exceeds 6 to 7m, counterfort retaining wall prove to be economical. Wall retaining wxll in slope: References Publications referenced by this paper. The lateral pressure exerted by the submerged soil is considered to comprise of the following two components. If the water table is such that the retained soil remain fully submerged, in such a case the saturated soil results in increasing the weight of the backfill, decreases the angle of repose of the soil which ultimately amounts to increase in pressure on the wall.


Hence total lateral earth pressure at the base of wall is given by. Each of these components are designed as a cantilever. If the retaining wall counyerfort allowed to move towards the back fill, it will compress the soil and the pressure thus exerted is known as passive pressure.

Skip to search form Qall to main content. Provisions of retaining retainlng become necessary in the construction of hill roads, embankments, bridge abutment, basement in buildings, water reservoir, in preventive measures against soil erosion, in landscaping etc. Wall retaining submerged backfill: The passive pressure developed by the key resists sliding and raises the factor of safety to required limit.

Based on the method of achieving stability, retaining walls are classified into the following types: The maximum and minimum pressure are given by. The pressure distribution is triangular. Walls of a building Simulation. How well do we know what we are doing?

It is also assumed that the retaining wall is allowed to move away from the soil by sufficient amount so that the soil expands and evokes full shearing resistance and attains state of plastic equilibrium. The more the height of the wall, the closer should be the spacing retaoning counterforts.

Four Types of Concrete Retaining Walls – The Concrete Network

The stability of the wall is partially provided by the weight of earth on the heel. Reliability analysis of cantilever retaining walls. To meet this requirement the resultant of the sum of all vertical forces and the horizontal retainig pressure should cut the base of the wall within the middle third.

Design of Isolated Column Footing. Besides loads due to retained material, the retaining wall may also be subjected to surcharged load due to automobile, rail road etc.

Counterfort retaining wall

From This Paper Figures, tables, and topics from this paper. In this case wall has only two components i. This is shown in pressure diagram in Fig. If the requirements of stability are not satisfied, its dimension should be revised.


Risk assessment in geotechnical engineering. Wall with backfill levelled and subjected to uniform surcharge. The size of the wall is so kept that there is no tensile stress developed at any section of the wall under any condition of loading. This type of wall proves to be economical for moderate heights say 6 to 7m.

In this type of wall the base slab as well as the stem of the wall span horizontally as continuous slabs between vertical brackets known as counterforts as shown in Fig.

Design of RCC footing for Wall. Wall retaining partly submerged backfill: The foundations of the retaining wall should be placed at such a depth where soil of required bearing capacity is available.

The counterforts are provided behind the wall on the backfill side and are subjected to tensile forces. Design of One Way Slabs. Based on these dimensions the wall is checked for stability checked for overturning, sliding and maximum pressure at toe and in case the stability requirements are satisfied, structural design of different wall components is taken up. The retaining wall should be stable enough to resist all type of forces acting on it.

Figure 3 from Reliability Analysis of Counterfort Retaining Walls – Semantic Scholar

If the factor of safety against sliding works out to be less than 1. Prior to start of structural design of a retaining wall it is necessary to adopt some tentative dimensions for different components of the wall.

The brackets in this aall are known as buttresses and by virtue of their location they are subjected to compressive forces. The pressure mainly depends upon the type of backfill material and the height of wall. Wall retaining backfill in slope.