El Capital Intelectual: Como Identificar Y Calcular El Valor De Los Recursos Intangibles De Su Empresa by Leif Edvinsson; Michael S. Malone at. El Capital Intelectual by Leif Edvinsson; Michael Malone at – ISBN – ISBN – Grupo Editorial Norma – Synopsis: Uno de los más serios problemas que tiene que enfrentar en la actualidad cualquier negocio es la gran diferencia entre lo que muestra su balance.

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The symbol w it represented the error term. Maria Thereza Pompa Antunes. In the economic literature, there have been various proposals as to how to define business capltal. This has given rise to a series of models that have sought to come up with and categorize instruments to measure the various capabilities or intangible assets a company has.

Although the model has dichotomous independent variables, this does not have an impact on using GLS to estimate the panel data model for the statistics package. This paper is divided into six sections. In the wide format of panel data, where the number of cross-section data points is higher than the number of time periods, a random effects cxpital is appropriate when the cross-section units of the sample are randomly drawn from a larger population Judge, Carter et al.

Finally, some areas of opportunity for future studies would include an econometric model that estimates the intangible factors underlying business competitiveness in the long term, as a function of the market share of small-scale enterprises.

In principle, these works prove that intersectoral differences have a lesser impact on company results than intrasectoral differences.

Developing and managing knowledge through intellectual capital statements.

Bill and Dave

It has been assumed that the Controlling Department is the companies’ most adequate area to identify, evaluate and measure such elements, and to provide the managerial information required for the accomplishment of each company’s mission. With some modifications, they have come to a consensus in grouping intangible capabilities into three categories: It was the start not only of a legendary company but of an entire way of life in Silicon Valley – and, ultimately, our modern digital age.

Bill and Dave how hewlett and packard built the world’s greatest company Autor: If affirmative, monetary value.

The estimates were made using piled cross sections. Sveiby, Karl ErikLa nueva riqueza de las empresas: The wealth of knowledge: A total of eight panel data models with random effects were run for each of the four economic sectors considered manufacturing, intelecthal, construction, and servicesand the three sizes of micro-enterprises considered by number of employees Micro-1, Micro-2, Micro-3as well as a general model estimated with all of the data and no division by evaluation criteria.

This paper studies the relationship between competitive business advantages and factors both ep and internal to companies, such as the sectoral structure, size of the economic unit, and tangible and intangible assets of micro-enterprises in Mexico.


On the other hand, managers have been receptive to adopt a managerial model for that purpose, if available, and have considered the Controlling Department as the most adequate area to manage such model. Por outro lado, Seldin et al.

This would mean that the theoretical study of business competitiveness has moved from a classical approach that believed that within each activity there were no significant differences in the behavior and results of companies, thereby focusing on the market structure of the industry as the main determinant of competitiveness, to a new approach that accepts that there is indeed significant business heterogeneity within each industry, explained by the degree to which businesses create and harness imperfect assets which cannot be transferred and are difficult to createsuch as the intangible resources a company has and the space or region in which a company is located, which determine the competitiveness of the economic unit.

As such, in light of the problems facing micro-enterprises in developing regions, the hypothesis of this paper is that this business sector can find in the NIE and the Theory of Resources and Capabilities, specifically in intangible capabilities, the determinants of competitive advantages, using the economic sector and size of the enterprise measured by number of employees as the evaluation criteria.

However, the Breusch-Pagan test indicated that in all models, the null hypothesis was not rejected, so although the grouped data structure is relevant, so is that of the random effects. Micro-enterprises are also the top business sector in job creation, employing It details the two tests comparing with the P value, as well as the number of observations for the cross section and the time series that comprise the panel structure.

The Hausman test value indicated that in no model was the null hypothesis that the random effects structure is relevant rejected, so therefore the GLS estimators are consistent. Others have written about the rise of Hewlett-Packard, including Packard himself in a bestselling memoir. This research discusses the factors that determine competitive business advantages for micro-enterprises in developing regions.

This prevented elimination of observations and respected the objectivity o the study. In this sense, any business support policy must complement the intrinsic qualities of a business owner, such as experience and schooling, with business training and a boost to financing and investment, as well as support the organizational culture and business networks.

The intangible capabilities were divided into human capital, structural capital, and relational capital. It should be mentioned that, as observed in Table 2the number of cross section observations is not the same in the four time periods for the database used.

Each model was compared with the Breusch-Pagan test pursuant to the null hypothesis that the random effects structure is irrelevant and, therefore, it should follow a grouped data structure, versus the alternative hypothesis that the random effects are indeed relevant.


Malone is the first to get the full story, based on unlimited and exclusive access to corporate and private archives, along with hundreds of employee interviews. One cause for this may be the low number of observations in this category, as the sample had just 32 enterprises in Singapore Management Review, v.


The fifth describes the analysis of the results of estimating the economic model and, finally, the sixth section presents some conclusions. In the long term, they should be represented in growth and market power. An additional problem ailing the Mexican business sector is derived from the deterioration of a segment of medium-sized and large enterprises that have faced difficulties in adapting to strong foreign competition following trade liberalization. Observa-se que, enquanto Brooking emprega a palavra ativo, os outros dois autores utilizam recurso para identificarem o mesmo objeto.

However, it is evident that intangible capabilities must be developed to generate the right complementarities within an economic unit and achieve profits.

Structural capital obeys the capacity to systematize organizational processes within the company, so this includes an organizational component systems, supply channels, lejf and distribution of knowledgeinnovation protected commercial rights, patents, new productsand processes certifications, production efficiency.

As such, the error term w it also includes the random error of the i th observation, which is constant over time and can be interpreted as the set of factors not included in the regression that are specific to each unit. Human capital refers to the knowledge a person possesses, both to run the company as well as to generate new skills.

First, the inyelectual statistically significant coefficient in the category of Micro-1 was the intangible asset of owner schooling, while for Micro-2, it was the tangible asset of investing in a work vehicle.

As the disturbances in the model w it edivnsson not spherical, because they present issues related to autocorrelation and heteroscedasticity, we cannot directly apply the Ordinary Least Squares OLS method directly, because the estimators calculated would not display the edvinssom properties. In the words of Tirolebusiness growth is derived from structural change brought on by production factors in fluctuating proportions, which makes a company different from its prior state and implies a rise in market power, as a mechanism to ensure the attainment of future and better benefits.

All of this has been collected in the years,and There have been attempts in recent years to discredit the HP Way as soft and outdated. But Malone argues that the HP Way was a hard- nosed business philosophy that combined simple objectives, trust in employees to make the right choices, and ruthless self-appraisal.